Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Number of #tigers falls on demand by Chinese

Soaring demand for tiger parts in China has emptied Asia’s forests, frustrating efforts to protect the big cats, wildlife experts said as an anti-poaching conference opened in Katmandu on Monday.

Around 100 experts, government and law enforcement officials from 13 nations are attending the five-day summit, co-hosted by Nepal and conservation group WWF to hammer out a regional plan to fight poaching.

Anil Manandhar, chairperson of WWF Nepal, said conservationists’ goals should not limited to “zero poaching but (include) zero demand as well.”

Mike Baltzer, leader of WWF Tigers Alive Initiative, praised Beijing for its efforts to save the wild cats from extinction and said: “China is doing a lot but the demand (for tiger parts) is so huge that it’s very difficult to address the issue.”

“We have been successful in reducing poaching in some countries, but we haven’t been successful in decreasing demand,” Manandhar told reporters after the opening session.

Without tackling the demand side, the success of some countries in controlling poaching will only mean that poaching increases in other countries where anti-poaching drives are less successful, Manandhar said, citing the example of South Africa where more than 1,000 rhinos were poached in 2013, and more than 1,200 last year.

“When you have a cultural perception among wealthy people in China that owning a tiger is a matter of prestige, you can’t change it overnight,” Baltzer told reporters on the sidelines of the conference.
“Dealing with demand will take a long time, poaching needs to be the focus otherwise it will be too late to save the tiger,” he said.

Decades of trafficking and habitat destruction have slashed the global tiger population from 100,000 a century ago to approximately 3,000, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

Tiger bones have long been an ingredient of traditional Chinese medicine, supposedly for a capacity to strengthen the human body.

The animal is also hunted for its skin, which can fetch up to $16,000 on the black market, and for its penis, believed to increase male sexual performance.

Conservationists singled out India and Nepal for their strong performance and urged other countries attending the summit to prioritize wildlife protection.

India in January reported a 30 percent jump in its tiger population since 2010, while Nepal saw numbers rise almost two-thirds between 2009 and 2013.

Countries with tiger populations — Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam — in 2010 launched a plan to double the big cats’ numbers by 2022.


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